On the 15th of February the Libyan Jamahiriya is prepared to lift and to regain its dignity and sovereignty
Dear People of the Libyan Jamahiriya free …
At this historic moment in our nation, we are ready to pounce on the puppets and traitors who are mired in the ruin Libya.
We, (…), we are willing to cooperate for the liberation of our motherland Libya and assure everyone that we are determined to clean up Libya from traitors and agents that work for NATO since the first hour, and traitors, we headed to your life to hell.
And I promise you until the end from the era of religion and of the blood, and will not separate from the Great Jamahiriya, we will not go, and will not soften the Free Libya.
We are ready with all its physical and military strength to work in all the military and civilian units and Libya, and we are ready to execute the given to erase the embarrassment that customers plan for and traitors in the face of Libya, the place of birth and the death go hand in hand, and we hope that order, consisting of leadership noble and free Libyans inseparable from the great Libyan people, (God is great)
And forward the revolutionary struggle continues
- In Benghazi, the centre of [against] the revolution that toppled the regime of Gaddafi, residents are Outrage and threaten the current leaders to join another revolution.
According to some data, along with the “greater security in Benghazi,” we are witnessing the emergence of certain groups, such as Ansar al-Sharia, that can be used, such as the attack on “the US consulate in Benghazi”. Therefore, Abu Bakr Bodzhira National Alliance Party has threatened to launch soon the “Project of the federalization Libya”.
* The autonomy of Benghazi. Yusuf Ghariani, president of the Union of Petroleum and Gas, has criticized the authorities for “breach of their many promises” (as in pussinskoy RFII – Peru.) For the “progress and development of the Benghazi”: “In summary, in Benghazi, said of the need to initiate a new revolution,” he warned.
* Benghazi a worrying shortages of water and gas for cooking, but found prices very high, it is also the capital of Tripoli has been a stampede of people unprecedented to the malls to buy basic materials to the hopes of lifting the February 15th.
* Was evident today brigadier Salem to a failed assassination attempt in front of his house when he went out in the morning after the morning prayers in the mosque, and underwent a number of bullets of brigade in the leg and hand.
* Outbreak of violent clashes and vote under heavy fire in the vicinity of the sacred Buamr battalion, meanwhile, are not yet known causes.
- Tripoli: EU the national project director figure “Dr. Naji Bazinh” of the prime minister this morning to take the headquarters of project management in Tripoli (either capital) by a group of unidentified armed men, keep in mind that the management of the project is in the process equipped to start issuing national figure during the week …
* Tripoli identifies us each day barbarian followers of February and the way in which democracy Aradu has, today in the morning break in the Congress of the so-called National that takes you from the hotel Rixos basis, armed men enter the force and alienating AGPro members of this Congress to sit on the ground and swap them until they obtain the money and the profits from them. Disregarding rights of walls of all the Libyans, where running means of life for all people to this panda of corrupt that led to NATO and fought under the cover, while the rest of the people living in poverty and the lack of need.
* Today discussing Green flag about the bridge in the country houses – 5 meters long. The RESISTANCE published the names of 3,000 rats (who have no hope in life, rather than in heaven) morning in Tripoli, were sent to the cafes, taxis and other places for the purpose of spying on the Green Resistance and trying to capture them!
* The heads of local councils in the Libyan cities are abandoning or giving up their positions before the uprising of February 15, 2013.
* A German Lufthansa spokesman on Tuesday that the company and subsidiary of Austrian Airlines flights to Tripoli was stopped due to the deteriorating security situation in Libya. Lufthansa was three flights a week to Tripoli resumed flights to the Libyan capital in February 2012 after NATO ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi died in 2011. The spokesman said: “We made this decision in the light of developments in Tripoli and the volatile situation in the region.” This is the second time this year that cancelled flights to the Libyan city because of security concerns.
* The UN High Commissioner for Refugees issued its report on persons displaced within Libya ..(Internal use only). Nearly 60,000 displaced Libyans own country .. Strangers in their countries of origin and displaced persons out of more than a million and a half people Libya displaced, scattered between Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria and other countries.
* Arrive at the port of Tripoli a lot of armoured vehicles from Italy it is said to transport Mafia mercenaries working for the Libyan government. History of Libya 1911-1913 and 1941-1945 are repeated. Italian occupiers came to the land of Libya again. Rat regime members confirmed that they are nothing without the help of NATO. Puppet regime will also kill people of Libya.
- Zliten: rebellion within the military prison and shot inside and around, and fears of the liquidation of the prisoners inside. News and negotiation to transfer some detainees to a secret location.
- Kufra: Khamis Mahdi dies young tribals Tabu ** after the events of recent infidels are supposed truce between tribes Azwaip and Tabu, but the truce broke down Azwaip more than 7 times and killed more than 15 people entered TPU and even killed an elderly woman.
- Sirte: Found the bodies of two young men who had been detained by bandits Misurata, apparently were cruelly tortured to death.
- Zawiya: In the city of Zawiya: Rats CMA, and the armour of Misurata and the band “The Shield” – a state of emergency, and blocked the entrances and exits of the city of Zawiya!
The Zionists agree with the Minister of Oil and Gas Laroussi Libyan Abdel Bari Saturday, a Saudi investment to create cement manufacturers and sugar in Libya, at a cost of 450 million Saudi riyals. The Laroussi – according to Al-Hayat – Libya fully supports Saudi Arabia, as president of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries “OPEC”. Increased production **, Laroussi said “Despite the events in Libya, our country has remained a part of the volume of oil production and currently produce a million barrels a day, and strive to produce the country about 1.7 million barrels, this is consistent with our participation available in OPEC.
- Tuareg Sabha in protest against ethnic cleansing in Mali: The demonstrations were held today in the Tuareg and Ubari Sabha i Maknuse and close, in protest against what they call ethnic cleansing in northern Mali.
Protesters reportedly no more than 100 in each of the cities, called for an end to attacks against Arabs and Tuaregs in Azavade as Tuareg called his “regrettable independent state” in northern Mali.
There were reports of atrocities, including summary executions and rape, committed by the Malian “army” in the military operation led to the expulsion of the French from the region militants Tuareg’s Islamists and Arabs in the region have been accused ” of supporting militants who fled “.
Great Britain, whose participation in the destabilization of Libya – under the pretext of the release of the “dictatorship” – was decisive, along with France, the United States and its NATO allies are now in fear that “some places in this country have become unsafe for its citizens.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs was asked to leave Benghazi, who was, however, the “capital” of the conspiracy”, the famous” media as a “rebellion”.
Where these changes in the behaviour of the West against Libya soon? It all started, according to them, the attack on “consulate” U.S. in Benghazi, September 11, 2012. Four Americans, including the Ambassador of the United States, Libya, Christopher Stevens, died in the attack, which was part of a wave of violence against diplomats, military and police.
The murder of the U.S. ambassador has caused great commotion in the West as the Libyans, Islamists, could not go to bang Gaddafist ambassador, their “liberator”, knowing full well the role of the ambassador to the NATO aggression against Libya?
Once the surprise was that the West had to understand the obvious, except for a few cities are not safe anywhere in Libya, not to speak of Benghazi. Less than two weeks before (January 12), the Italian consul in Benghazi, escaped an attempt assassination. Guido De Sanctis when going home after work, several bullets from another car hit the car and its driver diplomat, but the car was armoured.
This time, the British were under threat. ”We are aware of a specific or imminent threat to the West in Benghazi, and urge all British citizens, who are there to leave the city immediately.”
The British embassy in Tripoli, contacted British citizens to alert them to this end, “the foreign ministry said in a statement that does not specify the nature of the threat. Warnings Algeria to the NATO aggression against Libya were true, this country is in chaos, and became a rear base for terrorism.
Reliable sources indicate that the terrorist group that attacked the gas plant in Tigventurine, close Aminasa, had “a few days” in Libyan territory, with the support of the thefts “without the knowledge of the central government,” which can not control their country.
On Friday, Australia, meanwhile, issued a warning to its citizens, citing “concrete and imminent danger”.
“There is a risk of retaliatory attacks against Western targets in Libya“ after the French intervention in Mali, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. According to the ministry, two Australians, registered in Benghazi and 22 in total, in Libya.
According to AFP, these solutions were enraged by Deputy Interior Minister Abdullah Masoud, who believed that “there is no reason to warn London“:
“We recognize that there are security problems in Benghazi, and within a few months … But there is no new information to justify the reaction of London”, – told AFP: “Instead now we have to.” Create our power “in the East and all over Libya,” – he said, expressing “surprise” “very muscular” actions in London.
Source: Algérie patriotique
Having destroyed and murdered thousands of Libyans THE WEST are asking their NATIONAL FLEE FROM BENGHAZI
LIBYA Australian and British leave Benghazi threatened by Salafist groups Jihadists 25.01.13
Posted by Mirko Senda
The latest developments show that the long and exhausting-imperialist invasion outsourced outsourced, you can follow a direct invasion imminent promoters, NATO + Israel.
Our starting point is generally known and widely discussed by analysts, military historians, journalists, politicians, self-attack after September 11, U.S. all its allies, NATO’s new strategic line drawn forward to the next ten years and beyond:
Coincidentally three countries rather secular tradition, Iraq, Libya and now Syria. Iraq and Libya and balkanized destroyed, reduced to rubble and sent directly to the Middle Ages with sharia included with rancid puppet government of the empire, most of Al Qaeda than anything else. Every empire needs to expand “enemies” real or fictitious.
The Middle Ages also want to send Gaza, the war criminal and Israeli Interior Minister Eli Yishai and gain 40 years of tranquility and peace for Israel.
Although Sharon’s son, Gilad, the son of his father … Ariel, proposes a better idea, “A decisive Conclusion is Necessary” Final Solution?
“We need to flatten Entire Neighbourhoods in Gaza. Flatten all of Gaza. The Americans did not stop with Hiroshima – the Japanese surrendering Were not fast enough, So They hit Nagasaki, too. “
“Crush all Gaza” as the Americans did in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Neither crematorium or hosts. Great funeral business and real estate would be! And unanswerable against new settlements.
Gilad is currently free of charge-exaltation of genocide by the ICC.
Well … go on.
Millions of people took to the streets across the world against the “Bush Doctrine” in Iraq, but not in the case of Libya and now Syria. What happened?
The system has improved the techniques of domination, manipulation and control. The Empire, the highest expression of the system, continues his crusade occupation and “evangelistic” abroad , while maintaining the highest possible social peace inside more repression, to ensure maximum benefits with cuts of all kinds. In Spain for example, in prison Alfon FIES prison - By the way, are true today, seven years after the assassination by anarchist prisoner Monarchy Xoxe Tarrío Gonzalez in FIES twelve years . In memoriam - the regime measures, weighing the degree social peace bearable by the company to continue to adjust to the wild in 2013. The answer to this has to be strong to lift all Alfon from jail and put it where it belongs, to all who have forrao Botin at our expense, responsible for numerous suicide and poverty. Justice really will not come, we will bring!
Everyone was mobilized, including Spain, against the Iraq war. Do we became friends directly with Saddam?. It is true that the “NO WAR” was quite heterogeneous, but millions of people in the streets under the slogan and pissed, can become a problem for the system, with unpredictable consequences if not redirects and controls.
And we fully on the question of handling similar means to different power centers Bilderberg, IMF not save on costs when it comes to distort reality, you know, by the 6th Principle of Doob LW Orchestration
A lie repeated insistently can make a dent in decreased brain synapses, or interested. A single neuron peacefully sitting in a comfortable chair in front of the TV western, can do much harm to the general mobilization. We have seen in the case of Libya, and Syria now perceive.
In this sense, it fulfils one year of the publication of the manifesto entitled ominous: “From Morocco to Bahrain claim is the same: a peaceful change and radical democracy for which establishes that covers social and economic rights of the majority ‘
Manifest header by SAR, and signed by many people from different areas, comrades could say, and even a friend. A year after that show, not worth entering verbatim crumble, facts are stubborn things, and the reality is imposed against wishes, at least some of the signatories, I know.
“The truth, as Giambattista Vico wrote, is in fact, not in words (verum factum est)”, “send events” stated Jean Cassou rightly. Can we find the truth, or at least an approximation to reality in organizations, individuals, or related media funded by different sectors of imperial power? Is NATO suddenly and leftist revolutionary? . And the fundamental question … Does anyone has gone mad?. The ideologists of that manifesto certainly not.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights based in London, El Pais, El Mundo, BBC, CNN, Al Jazeera etc. can not be even remotely checked sources. Neither can be, and have shown, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, among many other supposedly humanitarian organizations and human rights, and other organizations so-called “Marxist” or “socialist” because they obey the voice of his master, who the finances. All are on the side of NATO and slaughter. Cynically throw seemingly empty slogans ether type or naive, “before the international inaction ..” “passivity and silence of the international community” no-fly zone in Libya as perhaps …? “Lack of support for the rebel Syrian people fighting for freedom …” of NATO? Or directly as false Marxists defend the Empire ancillary “to the left”;
“You have to arm the Libyan rebels …” he said, and that of, “NATO bombed shortly”
These “socialist” before mentioned millions of lackeys and the PSOE, even Mr. SAR argued in retrospect that the “Libyan revolution was betrayed” lack only defend, looping the loop that the “rebels” are like BRIGADES INTERNATIONAL who came to Spain to fight against fascism, freedom and revolution ..
It takes a lot of chutzpah, but hey, at this point we can not rule anything ..! anyway manifests as the above, I see quite distant today.
So much else comes handling and lack of rigour that, my friends and colleagues in multiple daily battles even today, also said then that he was first and foremost in Libya with Gaddafi end ..! Got the face and the left by the way, when bravely demonstrated against the war in Iraq ..
There is no substantive difference between Iraq, with the case of Libya and now Syria. What evil virus is affecting certain brain synaptic systems?
The best antivirus, TRAINING, rigour, butt INFORMATION internet powerful weapon, much sport and exercise and alkaline diet.
Much damage is doing the “Obama Doctrine”, why is there installed by Power. Ha “won two wars,” he told Romney, with a diploma from Nobel Peace Prize hanging on the walls of his Oval Office of the White House …, excuse me!
On the other hand we can expect nothing logically a Security Council of the UN, dominated by all the imperialist powers of the world.
Yes, I know that for more than ten years, the World Government planned and programmed crush Iraq, then Libya and now Syria .. Why all at this point calls “popular revolutions” in those countries?“Revolution Betrayed” after HRH would say in the case of Libya, once reduced to rubble. The “Arab Spring” “15-M” and the various “colour revolutions” in different countries are simply gigantic design operations engendered by the centres of power to try to redirect the just aspirations of democratic and revolutionary, especially young . In some countries, these “aesthetic revolution” have served to align in the hinterland rival empire, taking advantage of a growing social discontent of the population.
In the manifest above aims we confuse ourselves the situation in Syria, as in Libya before, as part of the “Arab Spring”, ie, the Syrian people supposedly rebelling against the tyranny being savagely repressed … Remember “weapons of mass destruction in Iraq”
On with the huge FALSE MEDIA handling.
What of “media” and it sounds ridiculous, must speak clearly and “propaganda war” in the service of war and barbarism in Syria, as it once was with Libya. You do not need an “embedded journalism” classic accompanying regular armies. War propaganda rather embedded in dispatches experts in communication and image Security Agency blockbuster films and sad memories.
The reality always overcomes fiction, but is good enough “smokescreen” of B. Levinson
In Syria as in Libya, the war, the invasion in the first phase has been outsourced. Armies of thousands of mercenaries from over 20 nationalities have passed and go through terrorizing Syria. Iraqis, Jordanians, Libyans, Egyptians, Turks, Palestinians, Spanish … and Syrians but also a minority. Worst of society or clueless absolute authentic empire hired murderers are massacring most of the Syrian population, with authentic viciously eliminate entire families in the most atrocious, shot, tortured, beheaded the Salafi way?? etc. Crimes that after all the propaganda of empire takes care of giving the other party, even sometimes in the most awkward.
No matter proven falsehood, what matters is the first and primary effect on brain anaesthetized and accommodated. The veracity and objectivity of contrasting sources is replaced by the first thing that comes into the neuron. The official media are true “weapons of mass manipulation”
The system privatizes all companies or their management privatized, outsourced services or outsource certain tasks or jobs and tasks to the beast. With armies, invasions and aggressions, wars and does the same. It’s more profitable not think economically, but social policy and public opinion level of a private army Blackwater type on occasion than a Regular uniformed bearer teaches base with stars and stripes.
In Syria, the empire, through Qatar and Saudi Arabia, has subcontracted and outsourced the invasion and aggression through thousands of mercenaries as I said, come from outside. If you fall in Syria, not generated any excitement in their countries of origin, if they were American soldiers as depleted uranium affected when the Gulf War, I think. In addition, as a mercenary army in Syria can commit acts countless atrocities with impunity most of. By magic becomes country’s population, rebels and end, Alehop! We already have revolution.
So in the current situation
How does it behave any organization or person Democrat, fascist or revolutionary inside Syria?
From my point of view, combining all possible Syrian forces, organize armed resistance against imperialist mercenary invasion financed by NATO. No true Democrat Syrian and anti-fascist, revolutionary change can find progress and freedom behind NATO. In reality, after destruction of Libya, most of the Syrian people is very clear where they are and who your enemies.
It is outside Syria and especially in our comfortable western is not sufficiently clear where the thing.
In my opinion, the points I consider therefore that the Syrians are fighting right now, would be:
Maximum internal union against invasion. Weapons for the entire population and infrastructure stubborn defence of schools, hospitals, homes and people etc. At stake is the basic right to life, against the destruction and devastation AGAINST preparing aviation NATO in Libya. Popular justice the murderers and fascists and collaborators come from outside Syrian Salafi or not, repressors of the Syrian people. Once defeated or neutralized imperial invasion, establishment by force of a new people’s power. Social revolution, secularism, economic and social justice, equality of rights between men and women outside machismo, independence of all imperialist bloc.
After months of wear, the situation with the so-called rebels, who have all the support in weapons, technology and NATO commanders on the ground that they provide all the information and training necessary, repeat the situation requires a more forceful intervention and direct the contracting powers, “no fly zone” massive bombardments, in short general destruction, “scorched earth” for total control.
The repeated massacres of the mercenaries of NATO + Israel attributed to the Syrian army, launching missiles from Syrian territory to Turkey and Israel by these and also a possible use of chemical weapons (false flag) prepare the excuse for imminent intervention and total on Syria. U.S. all allies and the UN have said clearly, “We will not tolerate the use of chemical weapons against the rebels ..” More clear water!
Negotiations for the heights between the imperialist powers that are part of the UN Security Council resulted in approval on March 17, 2011 with ten votes in favour and five abstentions on resolution 1973, which allowed the “no fly zone” ie the beginning of the imperialist invasion of Libya DIRECT, rebel mercenaries by thousands coordinated by NATO air strikes effectively finished off the job. Result: 120,000 dead and 200,000 wounded. TOTAL DEVASTATION AND SLAVERY TO LIBYA.
Libyan resistance continues today in very difficult conditions against oppression and the sharia.
Negotiations between the major powers, do not amount to any agreement or resolution on Syria, at least publicly known. What we do know is that it continues the advance on total control.
The Spanish army, commanded by PSOE Zapatero, “errand boy” and “mamporrero” NATO is responsible for crimes against humanity to intervene directly in Libya. As a gift to this genocidal participation, to a consortium “Spanish” is awarded the construction of the AVE, Mecca-Medina known as “Haramain project.” is “The Libyan blood money” to quote the Blanca Gonzalez Purification .
This situation in Libya and now in Syria are responsible not only those who have tightened and tightened the trigger directly, so are all those manifestos ideologues, called intellectuals, personalities, artists, political organizations, trade unions and social and human rights, false Marxists and socialists, whose myopic attitude consciously or worse, have contributed to the demobilization and general intoxication in our western countries. With his attitude INDEED BLESS atrocities committed before and now in Libya Syria NATO terrorists in uniform or not.
“BLESS” murders in some way, as did the Spanish Catholic church during mass shootings of Francoism.
I remind everyone, public figures and organizations as already stated on a previous occasion
“Let us not forget their faces-hard-, their justifications, their names and then pass the bill to the excesses of the empire, they estamparemos on their faces pictures of horror, of which they have been intellectuals-participants.”
ACTION against the imperialist war!
The kiss of the “black widow” Obama announces the collapse of imperialism
December in Libya: Obama’s political epitaph, Cameron …
Two years later, under the direction of the axis FUKUS (France, UK, U.S.) terrorists, Libya still living a nightmare of chaos shown by these demonic hordes, entering villages to kill, to commit ethnic cleansing, rape, torture, robbery and install regimes of terror in the local communities living in peace before.
An appropriate policy legacy Messrs. Obama, Cameron and Hollander also Hillary Clinton, William Hague and Laurent Fabius in 2012 is the fact that two years later, Libyans are risking their lives to know the truth, telling the outside world about what is really going on in the country earlier (in Al-Qaddafi) with the highest rates of development and living standards in Africa.
And what is happening is absolutely shocking. Growth rates and living standards of the indexes have plummeted to the point that there is no data available. The lies woven by NATO in general and in particular the trio FUKUS the casus belli in Libya are now famous: Al-Gaddafi was killing his own people, that he was bombing his own people, he was trying desperately to fight Al-Qaeda against the United States, the UK and France left back in Libya.
Green heroic resistance formed between loyalists to Muammar Al-Qaddafi, standing up for the Libyan system of government that saw local communities to solve their own problems, asking the central government to provide their needs, standing up for communities attempting to combat foreign-backed terrorist scourge that has affected the people of Libya, towns and cities. The Green resistance struggles today against these murderers, rapists and thieves, fight against intervention in Libya, FUKUS bred to steal money from Libya and resources and Green Resistance fighters risk their lives to bring us the truth.
The least we can do is spread the word.
And the word, in December 2012, is as follows:
A Mankoosh terrorist leader was captured in Morocco in early December (dared not even stay in Libya) and is supposed to have been killed, the terrorist leader Bahr Addin is-Sulimani was supposedly settled by Green resistance fighters in the southern city of Sebha.
Libyan refugees (black, ethnic cleansing by NATO backed terrorists) of Taouerga were slaughtered by murderers FUKUS supported in Tripoli. Many of these incidents have taken place over the past year and a half and not a word of Obama, Cameron or Hollande, Clinton, Hague or Fabius. After all, there is nothing for them to say or do except hang their heads in shame. But they are too arrogant even to do so. His “free delivery” in Libya must be judged by the consequences of their stupid policy, criminal and murderer, and it will be opened … will.
Many Libyans have been liberated from concentration camps and rape and torture by the terrorists managed FUKUS. Many Axis Libyans kidnapped by terrorist filth FUKUS had their organs removed, often (almost always) without anesthesia, women and children were held as sex slaves and many were sold to brothels abroad. It is obvious that the Libyan “rebels” were the dregs of society, common criminals with the complicity of the U.S., UK and France, guns were given a free hand to carry out their fantasies on law-abiding citizens . Now put the recent paper claiming that Saudi Arabia has released their feces mental hospitals and prisons in Syria, the elements supported by it (who else?) Axis FUKUS in this context.
Read “Syria” in “Libya.” A group of about 50 terrorists were killed during Christmas on the border with Chad, Green Resistance reports that the entire herd of this dirt has been settled, not one of them survived infest other areas of Libya. Some sources say that once again had Western elements or elements by the Gulf Cooperation Council (Qatar, Saudi Arabia and other Axis FUKUS friends in the Middle East doing their dirty work against other Arabs) from the scourge of terrorism.
What a nasty, disgusting comments about the foreign policy of the U.S., UK and France, and also how filthy and disgusting is that people in these countries sit and do nothing. As for the Gulf countries, as Al-Gaddafi, said, donkeys ridden by foreigners. I personally would go further, much further.
U.S. Militarism In Africa: Humanitarian Missions Or Imperialist Aggression?
Africom is spreading its activity throughout the continent
Unbeknownst to the majority of people in the United States, the Pentagon is directing increased attention to the African continent. The formation of the United States Africa Command (Africom) in 2008 signaled this trend which had been developing for at least a decade.
This should not be surprising considering the history of the U.S. and its European antecedents. Since the mid-15th century Western European nations have been involved with Africa through the Atlantic Slave Trade and later the colonization of the continent. The profitability of the colonies of the Western hemisphere is directly related to the exploitation of African labor.
Although the official history of the U.S. prides itself on the notions of freedom of the individual, the capacity for reforms and amendments to the constitution, there is also the resistance to change embedded deeply in the fabric of political culture, law and the economic structures of society. The slave system in the U.S. was introduced by the British colonialists during the second decade of the 17th century in Virginia.
From the time of 1619 to 1865, some two-and-one-half centuries, slavery was a profitable economic system that provided the wealth and technology that sprung America to the industrial position that it occupied during the latter decades of the 19th century. By the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the so-called Spanish-American war would usher in a new era of imperialism that became increasingly dominated by the United States.
With specific reference to the economic system of slavery and its justification within the American legal system, African American historian W.E.B. DuBois wrote in his seminal work on the failure of Reconstruction in the aftermath of the civil war, that “Negro slaves in America represented the worst and lowest conditions among modern laborers.” (Black Reconstruction in America, 1935)
DuBois continued pointing out that “One estimate is that the maintenance of a slave in the South cost the master about $19 a year, which means that they were among the poorest paid laborers in the modern world. They represented in a very real sense the ultimate degradation of man (and woman). Indeed, the system was so reactionary, so utterly inconsistent with modern progress, that we simply cannot grasp it today. No matter how degraded the factory hand, he is not real estate.”
Exemplifying the total degradation of the African under the slave system in the U.S. was the infamous Dred Scott decision of 1857. DuBois recounts that “The whole legal status of slavery was enunciated in the extraordinary statement of a Chief Justice (Taney) of the United States that Negroes had always been regarded in America ‘as having no rights which a white man was bound to respect.’”
Within the sphere of the process of production under slavery in the U.S., DuBois emphasizes that “Under the competition of growing industrial organization, the slave system was indeed the source of immense profits. But for the slave owner and landlord to keep a large or even reasonable share of these profits was increasingly difficult. The price of the slave produce in the open market could be hammered down by merchants and traders acting with knowledge and collusion. And the slave owner was, therefore, continually forced to find his profits not in the high price of cotton and sugar, but in beating even further down the cost of his slave labor.”
Another historian who studied the impact of the slave system on the development of American civilization was Trinidadian C.L.R. James. He wrote in 1970 that “the triangular trade in sugar, rum and slaves in an instance of programmed accumulation of wealth such as the world has rarely seen. ‘American slavery’, says one author, ‘was unique in the sense that for symmetry and precision of outline, nothing like it had ever previously been seen.’ The element of order in the barbarism was this: the rationalization of a labor force upon which the whole process of colonization depended had the African at its most essential point. If he (or she) had not been able to work or sustain himself (or herself) or learn the language or maintain co-operation in his (or her) social life, the whole question of America as a distinct civilization could never have arisen. We might be then talking about a sort of New Zeland or perhaps Canada.” (James, The Future in the Present, 1980)
Yet even New Zeland and Canada could not have become capitalist states allied with imperialism without the forced subjugation and removal of the indigenous peoples of those lands. Canada, had been a slave territory under the British where the system was eliminated decades prior to the Civil War in the U.S. and consequently became a haven for runaway Africans fleeing the exploitative system to the south.
From Colonialism to the Cold War (1900-1990)
As a result of the Atlantic Slave Trade, colonialism was instituted in North America, the Caribbean and Latin America. The Haitian Revolution of 1791-1803 illustrated profoundly the fragility of the slave and colonial system and more importantly the capacity of human beings, no matter how degraded, oppressed and exploited, to organize, rise up, rebel and take power from the slave masters.
Between the period of the Spanish-American War, as we referenced earlier, to the conclusion of World War II, the industrial and technological advancement of the U.S. reached historic levels. The advent of the assembly line, speculative finance and the expansion of global markets for industrial products, placed the ruling class within the U.S. in a dominant economic and political position in relationship to its European counterparts and imperial Japan.
The character of the battles fought during World War II spared the U.S. from the destruction that destroyed the economic and social fabric of Europe and Japan. War production in the U.S. and the indebtedness of Europe catapulted the ruling elite in America to a dominate position within the world capitalist system.
After 1945, it was only the Soviet Union that was in a position to effectively challenge U.S. hegemony internationally. Other socialist-oriented revolutions in Korea (1945-48), China (1949), Vietnam (1945-54) and Yugoslavia (1945) provided additional challenges to the capitalist system both militarily as well as providing an alternative model for the organization of society, the planning of a national economy and the character of international relations.
This perceived threat to U.S. dominance resulted in the so-called Cold War. This war became hot in 1950 with the beginning of the Korean War that lasted for three years and involved the People’s Republic of China.
In Vietnam, the U.S. was keen to ensure French dominance which inevitably was defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. By 1961, the U.S. would send advisers to Vietnam in an effort to stop communism. In 1965, hundreds of thousands of occupation troops entered southeast Asia and remained there for a decade.
The Cuban Revolution of 1959 soon became socialist-oriented and the U.S. response to this phenomenon in its so-called “backyard” almost led to nuclear war with the Soviet Union in 1962. The Cuban Revolution encouraged the U.S. to enter the Dominican Republic in 1965 in an attempt to prevent another socialist intervention.
That same year in Indonesia, the potential for the seizure of power by the Communist Party, the second largest at the time just next to China, brought about the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people.
With specific reference to Africa, the U.S. government after World War II paid lip service to the anti-colonial struggle, but in actuality supported the perpetuation of the status-quo. Although relationships between the U.S. administration and progressive African states were established in Ghana, Guinea, Algeria, Egypt, Tanzania and others, nonetheless, it became obvious even during the 1950s and 1960s, and was documented later, that successive Washington administrations were more concerned about containing Soviet, Chinese and Cuban influence than assisting a genuine process of de-colonization and independence.
Algeria, a former French colony that won its liberation through a protracted armed struggle between 1954-1961, sought relations with Washington. However, even under the Kennedy administration there were efforts to discourage Algiers from enhancing its cooperation with revolutionary Cuba. The invasion of Algeria by Morocco in 1963 was encouraged and engineered by the U.S. as a means of stifling and reversing the African Revolution.
In Ghana under Kwame Nkrumah in 1966, a police and military coup was masterminded by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the State Department. These facts came out during the revelations of the 1970s in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and the declassification of intelligence documents.
In reference to South Africa, African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela was thrown into prison in 1962 after he had traveled to Algeria for military training provided by the late Ahmed Ben Bella of the National Liberation Front (FLN). It was the CIA operating in league with the racist apartheid regime that brought about the arrest and prosecution of Mandela who spent over 27 years in prison.
The former Portuguese colonies of Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau represented a lifeline for Lisbon. Portugal was a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and enjoyed the support of the U.S. in its more than a decade of war against the liberation movements in these former colonies.
Even after the independence of Angola in 1975, the U.S. collaborated with the racist South African Defense Forces (SADF) and the reactionary UNITA and FNLA guerrilla groups in an effort to undermine the genuine and total liberation of this oil-rich Southern African nation. It was the intervention of Cuban internationalist forces in Angola between 1975-1989 that ensured the defeat of the SADF and consequently lead to the independence of Namibia. After the independence of Namibia in 1990, the apartheid regime, which benefited from hundreds of millions of dollars of U.S. corporate investment and military assistance, agreed to release Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners in South Africa and enter into serious negotiations with the liberation movements for a transfer of power.
U.S.-Africa Relations in the Post-Cold War Period
Beginning in the late 1980s, the socialist states of Eastern Europe unraveled. In 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed.
Yugoslavia, which had pursued an independent socialist path, broke-up over the course of the 1990s through civil war, partition and the eventual U.S.-NATO bombings of 1999.
China, although remaining socialist, shifted its domestic and foreign policy to accommodate large-scale trade and investment with the U.S. after the death of Mao Tse-Tung in 1976 and the ascendancy of Deng-Tsao-Ping. Many of the states in Africa which had proclaimed themselves socialist began to reverse policies related to state control of economic planning and anti-imperialist foreign policy.
Yet how has these developments impacted U.S. foreign policy toward Africa? If there is no real threat of socialist influence, why has the Pentagon increased its military involvement on the continent?
Why was the U.S. Africa Command (Africom) created in 2008? Has the establishment of a Pentagon base in the Horn of Africa nation of Djibouti increased instability in East Africa that could lead to a more unstable political situation in both East and Central Africa?
The answer to these questions lies within the actual developments in Africa over the last five years. Let us examine events in several African states and the role of the U.S. and its allies in the region.
Libya: A Humanitarian War?
The 2011 war against the North African state of Libya represented the first full project of the U.S. Africa Command (Africom). Since Libya’s Revolution in 1969, the U.S. had been at odds with the country and its leader Col. Muammar Gaddafi.
Libya is a former Italian colony and during World War II the U.S. moved in and began to construct the Wheelus Air Force Base. As the Cold War escalated after the War, Libya became an important outpost for the Pentagon.
When Gaddafi came to power the U.S. air base was closed and the country nationalized its oil resources. Later it was determined that Libya encompassed the largest known oil reserves on the continent.
In the early 1980s relations between the U.S. and Libya worsened with the shooting down of Libyan planes by the U.S. Air Force in 1981. In 1986, Libya was bombed in two cities, Tripoli and Benghazi, under the Reagan administration. The country’s government was accused of being behind an attack on a night club in West Germany that was frequented by U.S. troops stationed in the region.
Economic sanctions and a travel ban was imposed on Libya by the U.S. This state of affairs lasted until 2003, when on the eve of the war against Iraq, the U.S. moved to “normalize” relations with Libya in exchange for its purported disarmament of “weapons of mass destruction.”
Trade increased between Libya and the U.S. as well as several Western European states. This state of affairs continued until 2009 when a Libyan was released from a Scottish prison on humanitarian grounds.
He had been convicted during the 1990s for alleged involvement in the bombing of an airliner over Lockerbie, Scotland. Of the two Libyans put on trial for this action, only one was convicted. At the time of his release the case was under appeal and may very well have been overturned.
Relations worsened between the U.S. and Libya after 2009, and by February 2011, when a rebellion erupted in the east of the country, the U.S. and NATO intervened through an arms embargo, a naval blockade and a massive bombing campaign that resulted in 26,000 sorties and nearly 10,000 airstrikes. The rebel Transitional National Council (NTC) was installed as the “legitimate” government of the country.
Approximately two million Libyans and foreign nationals residing in the country were displaced, thousands died in the war and the consequent instability engendered by the rebel group, the air campaign, naval blockade and the freezing of over $160 billion in foreign assets has had regional implications that have spread to neighboring Mali, where a rebellion in the north of the country precipitated a military coup and the possible intervention of a regional armed force to ostensibly stabilize the situation.
Today Libya is more divided than during any period of its post-independence history with secessionist efforts in the east, increased fighting in the south and the failure of the NTC to reign in militias under a national army.
Somalia: Another War for Oil?
In Somalia in the Horn of Africa, the involvement of the U.S. has extended back at least until the late 1970s when the Carter administration encouraged the-then military government of Mohamed SiadBarre to invade the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. After Somalia’s defeat at the hands of the Ethiopian military and Cuban internationalist forces then in the country to bolster its socialist orientation, the state of Somalia spun into instability and horrendous food deficits.
By 1991, the SiadBarre regime had collapsed under internal pressures and since this time there has really been no stable internationally recognized government in Somalia. In late 1992, thousands of U.S. Marines entered the country in “Operation Restore Hope,” which it was claimed at the time, was designed to provide humanitarian relief from famine.
In just a few months a national uprising was launched against the U.S. and United Nations presence in Somalia resulting in the deaths of many Marines as well as thousands of Somalians. Both the U.S. and U.N. forces withdrew in 1994, not to return until the recent period.
Since 2006, the U.S. has attempted to control the situation inside the country. The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) is essentially bankrolled by the U.S. and the African Union Mission to Somalia (Amisom) largely consists of U.S.-backed forces from Uganda, Burundi and Djibouti.
In October 2011, the Kenyan Defense Forces (KDF) invaded the south of Somalia in a bid to crush the Al-Shabaab Islamic resistance movement which has been labeled by the U.S. as a “terrorist” organization. It turns out that this intervention, “Operation Linda Nchi,” had been planned for two years between Africom, the TFG and the Kenyan government.
Despite this intervention as well, Somalia is still not stable and the humanitarian situation remains dire. The Pentagon and the CIA has deployed drones in Somalia resulting in the deaths of hundreds of nationals. These drones have fallen in displaced persons camps killing innocent civilians.
These attacks on Somalia is coupled with a formidable naval presence by the Pentagon and the European Union off the coast of Somalia in the Gulf of Aden, one of the most lucrative shipping lanes in the world. This presence is ostensibly geared toward fighting piracy which has been deemed a major problem in the region.
Somalia has been determined to be a major source of oil reserves. Drilling and speculation are taking place in the breakaway region of Puntland in the north by Canadian and British firms. U.S. firms claim to have purchased concessions for oil drilling and like Libya, these projects will inevitably be conducted by private corporate interests.
Kony 2012: Special Forces and Advisors to the Rescue
Perhaps the most well publicized U.S. military adventure in Africa recently has been the so-called “Invisible Children” campaign. On October 14, 2011, the Obama administration announced that 100 Pentagon Special Forces and advisors were being dispatched to four states in East and Central Africa to track down Joseph Kony, leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
The LRA has been largely defeated in northern Uganda where it was founded. The remnants of the group have scattered into the Central African Republic, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Uganda is emerging as another oil producing state and has close political, military and economic ties to the U.S. The DRC is a treasure trove of strategic minerals and South Sudan is awash with oil.
Whether Kony is captured or killed the U.S. involvement in the region will continue and be enhanced. The U.S. is becoming more dependent upon oil imports from Africa, now approximately 25 percent of its overall supply from outside the country.
The Role of China
We would be remiss not to mention the growing role of China in African affairs. As I wrote in 2010, “the strongest growth in trade has taken place between Africa and Asian states, with the People’s Republic of China being the most significant. China’s trade with Africa was recorded at $93 billion in 2008, making it the second largest partner after the U.S. In Nigeria alone, a recently signed oil cooperation agreement with China is reported to involve between $32 billion to $50 billion in trade and investment.” (Africa & Imperialism)
This same article continues noting a United Nations report indicating “that trade between Africa and China, had increased by 1,000 percent during the period between 2000-2008.” As of 2010, “China accounted for 11 percent of the continent’s external trade, with the bulk of transactions taking place in the sectors of primary products, including fuel and minerals.”
These are some of the important issues that must be evaluated when assessing U.S.-Africa relations. The source of this relationship has been economic since the Atlantic Slave Trade and the period of direct colonial rule.
With the U.S. and Europe facing the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, we will see enhanced efforts aimed at the capturing and domination of foreign resources and trade relations that are clearly linked to the massive re-structuring of the labor market inside the U.S.
Whether this intervention in Africa will continue on its present course depends upon political developments inside the U.S. and the level of opposition in Africa. What is clear is that until a more balanced and equitable system of trade and international relations develops, people inside the United States will continue to pay a heavy price for the dependence upon oil and other strategic resources in Africa and other parts of the world.
Abayomi Azikiwe is Editor, Pan-African News Wire
THE ROVING EYE Why Gaddafi got a red card
By Pepe Escobar
Surveying the Libyan wasteland out of a cozy room crammed with wafer-thin LCDs in a Pyongyang palace, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea‘s Dear Leader, Kim Jong-il, must have been stunned as he contemplated Colonel Muammar Gaddafi‘s predicament.
“What a fool,” the Dear Leader predictably murmurs. No wonder. He knows how The Big G virtually signed his death sentence that day in 2003 when he accepted the suggestion of his irrepressibly nasty offspring – all infatuated with Europe - to dump his weapons of mass destruction program and place the future of the regime in the hands of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Granted, Saif al-Islam, Mutassim, Khamis and the rest of the Gaddafi clan still couldn’t tell the difference between partying hard in St Tropez and getting bombed by Mirages and Rafales. But Big G, wherever he is, in Sirte, in the central desert or in a silent caravan to Algeria, must be cursing them to eternity.
He thought he was a NATO partner. Now NATO wants to blow his head off. What kind of partnership is this?
The Sunni monarchical dictator in Bahrain stays; no “humanitarian” bombs over Manama, no price on his head. The House of Saud club of dictators stays; no “humanitarian” bombs over Riyadh, Dubai or Doha – no price on their Western-loving gilded heads. Even the Syrian dictator is getting a break – so far.
So the question, asked by many an Asia Times Online reader, is inevitable: what was the crucial red line crossed by Gaddafi that got him a red card?
‘Revolution’ made in France
There are enough red lines crossed by The Big G – and enough red cards – to turn this whole computer screen blood red.
Let’s start with the basics.
The Frogs did it. It’s always worth repeating; this is a French war. The Americans don’t even call it a war; it’s a “kinetic action” or something. The “rebel” Transitional National Council” (TNC) is a French invention.
And yes - this is above all neo-Napoleonic President Nicolas Sarkozy’s war. He’s the George Clooney character in the movie (poor Clooney). Everybody else, from David of Arabia Cameron to Nobel Peace Prize winner and multiple war developer Barack Obama, are supporting actors.
As already reported by Asia Times Online, this war started in October 2010 when Gaddafi’s chief of protocol, Nuri Mesmari, defected to Paris, was approached by French intelligence and for all practical purposes a military coup d’etat was concocted, involving defectors in Cyrenaica.
(**** Nuri Mesmari, did not defect because he was against Qaddafi but because he is embezzler, stole a lot of money from the Libyan people and he was about to be imprisoned! )
Sarko had a bag full of motives to exact revenge on The Big G.
French banks had told him that Gaddafi was about to transfer his billions of euros to Chinese banks. Thus Gaddafi could not by any means become an example to other Arab nations or sovereign funds.
French corporations told Sarko that Gaddafi had decided not to buy Rafale fighters anymore, and not to hire the French to build a nuclear plant; he was more concerned in investing in social services.
Energy giant Total wanted a much bigger piece of the Libyan energy cake – which was being largely eaten, on the European side, by Italy’s ENI, especially because Premier Silvio “bunga bunga” Berlusconi, a certified Big G fan, had clinched a complex deal with Gaddafi.
Thus the military coup was perfected in Paris until December; the first popular demonstrations in Cyrenaica in February - largely instigated by the plotters – were hijacked. The self-promoting philosopher Bernard Henri-Levy flew his white shirt over an open torso to Benghazi to meet the “rebels” and phone Sarkozy, virtually ordering him to recognize them in early March as legitimate (not that Sarko needed any encouragement).
The TNC was invented in Paris, but the United Nations also duly gobbled it up as the “legitimate” government of Libya - just as NATO did not have a UN mandate to go from a no-fly zone to indiscriminate “humanitarian” bombing, culminating with the current siege of Sirte.
The French and the British redacted what would become UN Resolution 1973. Washington merrily joined the party. The US State Department brokered a deal with the House of Saud through which the Saudis would guarantee an Arab League vote as a prelude for the UN resolution, and in exchange would be left alone to repress any pro-democracy protests in the Persian Gulf, as they did, savagely, in Bahrain.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC – then transmuted into Gulf Counter-Revolution Club) also had tons of reasons to get rid of Gaddafi. The Saudis would love to accommodate a friendly emirate in northern Africa, especially by getting rid of the ultra-bad blood between Gaddafi and King Abdullah. The Emirates wanted a new place to invest and “develop”. Qatar, very cozy with Sarko, wanted to make money - as in handling the new oil sales of the “legitimate” rebels.
United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton may be very cozy with the House of Saud or the murderous al-Khalifas in Bahrain. But the State Department heavily blasted Gaddafi for his “increasingly nationalistic policies in the energy sector”; and also for “Libyanizing” the economy.
The Big G, a wily player, should have seen the writing on the wall. Since prime minister Mohammad Mossadegh was deposed essentially by the Central Intelligence Agency in Iran in 1953, the rule is that you don’t antagonize globalized Big Oil. Not to mention the international financial/banking system - promoting subversive ideas such as turning your economy to the benefit of your local population.
If you’re pro-your country you are automatically against those who rule – Western banks, mega-corporations, shady “investors” out to profit from whatever your country produces.
Gaddafi not only crossed all these red lines but he also tried to sneak out of the petrodollar; he tried to sell to Africa the idea of a unified currency, the gold dinar (most African countries supported it); he invested in a multibillion dollar project - the Great Man-Made River, a network of pipelines pumping fresh water from the desert to the Mediterranean coast - without genuflecting at the alter of the World Bank; he invested in social programs in poor, sub-Saharan countries; he financed the African Bank, thus allowing scores of nations to bypass, once again, the World Bank and especially the International Monetary Fund; he financed an African-wide telecom system that bypassed Western networks; he raised living standards in Libya. The list is endless.
Why didn’t I call Pyongyang
And then there’s the crucial Pentagon/Africom/NATO military angle. No one in Africa wanted to host an Africom base; Africom was invented during the George W Bush administration as a means to coerce and control Africa on the spot, and to covertly fight China’s commercial advances.
So Africom was forced to settle in that most African of places; Stuttgart, Germany.
The ink on UN Resolution 1973 was barely settled when Africom, for all practical purposes, started the bombing of Libya with over 150 Tomahawks – before command was transferred to NATO. That was Africom’s first African war, and a prelude of thing to come. Setting up a permanent base in Libya will be practically a done deal – part of a neo-colonial militarization of not only northern Africa but the whole continent.
NATO’s agenda of dominating the whole Mediterranean as a NATO lake is as bold as Africom’s agenda of becoming Africa’s Robocop. The only trouble spots were Libya, Syria and Lebanon - the three countries not NATO members or linked with NATO via myriad “partnerships”.
To understand NATO’s global Robocop role – legitimized by the UN – one just has to pay attention to the horse’s mouth, NATO secretary general Anders Fogh Rasmussen. As Tripoli was still being bombed, he said,
“If you’re not able to deploy troops beyond your borders, then you can’t exert influence internationally, and then that gap will be filled by emerging powers that don’t necessarily share your values and thinking.”
So there it is, out in the open. NATO is a Western high-tech militia to defend American and European interests, to isolate the interests of the emerging BRICS countries and others, and to keep the “natives”, be they Africans or Asians, down. The whole lot much easier to accomplish as the scam is disguised by R2P – “responsibility to protect”, not civilians, but the subsequent plunder.
Against all these odds, no wonder The Big G was bound for a red card, and to be banned from the game forever.
Only a few hours before The Big G had to start fighting for his life, the Dear Leader was drinking Russian champagne with President Dmitry Medvedev, talking about an upcoming Pipelineistan gambit and casually evoking his willingness to talk about his still active nuclear arsenal.
That sums up why the Dear Leader is going up while The Big G is going down.
Pepe Escobar is the author of Globalistan: How the Globalized World is Dissolving into Liquid War (Nimble Books, 2007) andRed Zone Blues: a snapshot of Baghdad during the surge. His new book, just out, is Obama does Globalistan (Nimble Books, 2009).
He may be reached at email@example.com.
To follow Pepe’s articles on the Great Arab Revolt, please click here.
Investigating the Pentagon’s African Holocaust
Spanish High Court Hears Evidence From Journalist Keith Harmon Snow
On November 29th investigative journalist and genocide expert Keith Harmon Snow testified before Spain’s Highest Court (Audencia Nacional) to support the indictments against 40 Rwandan officials for war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity during the western-backed invasions of Rwanda and Congo/Zaire by Rwandan president Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) and Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni’s Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF).
In 2005, the relatives of nine Spanish nationals killed in Rwanda and the Congo in 1994, 1996, 1997 and 2000, filed a lawsuit against the government of Rwanda resulting in the issuing of Interpol international arrest warrants for 40 Rwandan officials of Kagame’s régime.
On 6 February 2008, the Spanish Investigative Judge Andreu Merelles issued an indictment charging 40 current or former high-ranking Rwandan military officials with serious crimes including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and terrorism, perpetrated over a period of 12 years, from 1990 to 2002, against the civilian population, and primarily against members of the Hutu ethnic group.
While the investigations were initially based on complaints from families of nine Spaniards who were killed, harmed or disappeared during the period at issue, the indictment was subsequently expanded to include crimes committed against Rwandan and Congolese victims, based on the universal jurisdiction doctrine. The indictment rules out the prosecution of Paul Kagame, arguing that he may not be prosecuted as long as he holds the position of President of Rwanda.
According to Spanish lawyer Jordi Palou Loverdos:
Spain’s Audencia Nacional was only met by silence when it duly and formally asked the U.N. to hand over the evidence of these crimes perpetrated against people in 1996 and 1997 or the evidence of the pillaging of valuable mineral resources conducted in these same years or earlier. The international media which had access to the UN report have made public the fact that the UN High Commissioner responsible for the report keeps- separately from the latter- a confidential data bank containing evidence that implicates individual Rwandan and Ugandan military officials.
In spite of threats and intimidation from agents linked to Western governments and from the United Nations, the Spanish High Court authorities are continuing to hear evidence against the Ugandan and Rwandan proxy forces of the United States in Africa.
Keith Harmon Snow has been researching the real facts of the tragedy known to the world as the “Rwandan genocide” (put in quotes?) since 1994, and has, along with many other experts, evidence to prove that the United States, Britain and Israel were responsible for the training, financing and covert military and logistic support of Kagame and Museveni’s forces.
On 6 April 1994, the UPDF/RPA proxy forces assassinated the Rwandan and Burundian presidents (Juvenal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira), their military chiefs of staff, and the French pilots of the plane they were flying on, thus provoking and participating in the extermination of hundreds of thousands of Hutus and Tutsis in one of the most violent civil wars in modern history.
Snow also presented detailed evidence of the war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity committed by Kagame and Museveni’s proxy forces, after they invaded the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1996, again backed by the Pentagon, Israel and NATO allies. The Congo/Zaire invasion was commanded by generals Paul Kagame and James Kabarebe, and they involved an officer attached to Kabarebe named Hyppolite Kanambe — alias Joseph Kabila, the strongman in Congo today.
The ongoing Rwandan occupation and plunder of eastern Congo has resulted in the deaths of some ten million people, making this the worst war since the Second World War. The Central African holocaust has been largely ignored by the global mass media corporations who are calling for “humanitarian intervention” in Syria, much as they did to justify invading Libya, by the same countries responsible for supporting mass carnage in Africa.
In spite of orders from Laurent Désire Kabila (Congo’s interim president of 1998-2001), to disengage from the Congo, the RPA and UPDF re-invaded the Congo in 1998, resulting in the Second Congolese War. Although the war is said to have ended in 2001, mass killing of the populations in the mineral rich Kivu provinces of Eastern Congo, under the leadership of these US-backed dictators, has continued to this day.
Contrary to its stated “peacekeeping” mission, the United Nations Observers Mission for the Congo (MONUC) and its follow on dependent, Monusco, has been deployed in the Congo since 2000 and has been involved in sexual violence and contraband activities. MONUC has provided cover for the Rwandan, Ugandan and Burundi forces, USAID, the Pentagon’s new Africa Command (AFRICOM), and scores of Western mining corporations who are plundering the Eastern Congo.
Snow gave detailed testimony to the Audencia Nacional of the American, British, Belgian, German, Israeli and Australian mining corporations who have profited from the Pentagon’s holocaust in the Congo. Banro Corporation, Barrick Gold and many companies run by the Blattner dynasty have profited astronomically from the pillaging of the Congolese people’s resources, as domestic warlords and Western elites enrich themselves while the local people starve.
Snow alleges that these corporations have direct links to the criminal networks run by Paul Kagame, who are plundering the Kivu provinces of the Eastern Congo and massacring the Hutu Rwandan refugees there.
Though the majority of victims have been from the populations of Rwandan Hutus, Rwandan Tutsis and Twa have also been targeted, both in Congo and Rwanda, and many Congolese ethnic groups have been targeted in the Congo. The Kagame regime is determined to eliminate all possible opposition to its rule and to occupy and annex eastern Congo to create a “Republic of the Volcanoes” controlled by Rwanda and populated with satellite US military bases.
Snow told the Spanish court that details collected by the UN Panel of Experts report of 2001 to 2010, detailing the illegal occupation, plunder and war crimes in the Congo, have been watered down by special interest groups linked to Western governments, thus shielding Western corporations and governments from scrutiny by the International Criminal Court and the Criminal Tribunal on Rwanda.
Trained in the notorious Fort Levenworth, Kansas (USA) and advised by former British prime minister Tony Blair, Paul Kagame is without question one of the most evil dictators in modern history. The scale and intensity of his atrocities dwarf those of Pinochet, Suharto and Somoza combined.
In spite of expertise gained on the ground throughout Central Africa spanning 20 years, expert testimony to the US House of Representatives in 2001, extensive work as genocide consultant to the United Nations and numerous meticulously documented reports, Keith Harmon Snow’s work continues to be ignored by the corporate media and many outlets who claim to be ‘progressive’ and ‘independent’ .
According to Snow:
U.S.-based groups fronted by the intelligence and defense establishment and pretending to be ‘grass roots non-government organizations’ — such as the ENOUGH project, Raise Hope for Congo, Resolve, STAND and Save Darfur — have co-opted the grass roots movement and are whitewashing the issues and controlling the media, academic and public spaces to prevent the true grass roots voices for Central Africa from being heard and to prevent the deeper issues from being understood.
In preparation for a documentary film to be released next year on the African holocaust, Keith Harmon Snow has just completed a series of interviews with distinguished scholars, investigative journalists and lawyers from France, Spain, Germany, Camaroun and Rwanda. The film, as yet untitled, is expected to be aired in film festivals throughout the world and will also be available online for mass viewing.
Rwanda and the Congo belong to the ninth circle of global capitalism’s Dantesque inferno. It is the circle of betrayal; betrayal of the high ideals of the United Nations to uphold the rule of law and work towards the goal of international peace and stability; betrayal of the trust ordinary citizens of the world have in media corporations to tell them what is really happening in the world, so that leaders and potentates can be held to account.
Uncovering the truth about the role of Western imperialism in the violence that has beset Central Africa since the fall of the USSR to the present day, is of vital importance, as the obscene and racist myth of an African genocide America “failed to prevent” constitutes the mendacious and insane basis for the Orwellian “responsibility to protect” doctrine.
Western governments and their pro-Kagame lobbies in the mainstream media are quick to smear as ‘genocide deniers’ those who challenge the lies and distortions of the official genocide narrative of the current Rwandan régime by exposing the inconvenient and politically incorrect facts. In the case of Rwanda and the Congo, it should now be abundantly clear who those genocide-deniers are.
Gearóid Ó Colmáin was born in Cork, Ireland, and is currently based in Paris. He is a former bilingual columnist with Metro Eireann. His interests include geopolitcs, globalisation, philosophy and the arts. He is a member of SISA, the Italian-based ecology and education syndicate.
Washington is Conquering Africa using France, Human Rights, Terrorism, and the National Endowment for Democracy.
Washington is Conquering Africa using France, Human Rights, Terrorism, and the National Endowment for Democracy. Photo: Nazemroaya
A repeat of the disorder and pandemonium generated inside Afghanistan is in the works for the continent of Africa. The United States, with the help of Britain, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia, created the brutal Taliban and then eventually waged war on its Taliban allies. Similarly, across Africa, the United States and its allies are creating a new series of future enemies to fight, but after initially working with them or using them to sow the seeds of chaos in Africa.
Washington has literally been helping fund insurgencies and regime change projects in Africa. “Human rights” and “democratization” are also being used as a smokescreen for colonialism and war. So-called human rights and humanitarian organizations are now partners in this imperialist project against Africa.
France and Israel: Is Washington Outsourcing its Dirty Work in Africa?
Africa is just one international front for an expanding system of empire. The mechanisms of a real global system of empire are at work in this regard. Washington is acting through NATO and its allies in Africa. Each one of Washington’s allies and satellites has a specific role to play in the global system of empire.
Tel Aviv has played a very active role on the African continent. Israel was a major unapologetic supporter of South Africa under the racist apartheid system. Tel Aviv also helped smuggle arms into Sudan and East Africa to balkanize that sizeable African nation and destabilize its region.The Israelis have been very active in Kenya and Uganda, for example. The Israeli presence has also existed wherever blood diamonds and conflicts have been present in Africa. Israel is also now working with Washington to establish total hegemony over the African continent. It isactively involved through its business ties and intelligence operations in establishing the contacts and agreements that Washington needs for expansion in Africa and to disrupt the rise of Chinese influence.
France, as a former colonial master and a declining power, on the other hand has traditionally been a rival and competitor of Washington on the African continent. With the rise of the influence of non-traditional powers in Africa, such as the People’s Republic of China, both Washington and Paris began to look at ways of cooperating. On the broader global stage this is also evident. Both the U.S. and several of the major powers in the European Union considered China and other emerging global powers as great enough threats to end their rivalries and work together. Thus, a consensus leading to integration emerged, which was greatly boosted by the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007.
President Sarkozy also wasted no time in pushing for reintegration of the French military command structure with NATO, which has subordinated the French military to the Pentagon. In 1966, President Charles de Gaulle pulled French forces out of NATO and removed France from the military command structure of NATO as a means of maintaining French independence. Nicolas Sarkozy has reversed all of this. In 2009, Sarkozy ordered that France rejoin the integrated military command structure of NATO. In 2010, he also signed an accord to start amalgamating the British and French militaries.
On the African continent, Paris has a special place or niche in the U.S. system of global empire– as a regional gendarme in North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and all the countries that were its former colonies. France’s special role, in other words, is due to history and the existing, albeit declining, position of France in Africa, specifically through the “Françafrique.” The Union of the Mediterranean, which Sarkozy officially launched, is one example of these French interests in North Africa.
The National Endowment for Democracy (NED) has also been working through France’s International Federation of Human Rights (Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l’Homme, FIDH). The FIDH is much more established in Africa. The NED has essentially outsourced its work to manipulate and control African governments, movements, societies, and states to the FIDH. It was the FIDH and the affiliated Libyan League for Human Rights (LLHR) that helped orchestrate the grounds for the NATO war against Libya via the United Nations through unsubstantiated and false claims.
The NED and FIDH
Following the 2007 election of Nicolas Sarkozy as the leader of the French Republic, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) started to develop a real partnership with the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Both organizations are also partners within the World Movement for Democracy. Carl Gershman, the president of NED, even went to France in December 2009 to meet with the FIDH to deepen collaboration between the two organizations and to discuss Africa.  Most of the partnerships between the FIDH and the NED are based in Africa and the intersecting Arab World. These partnerships operate in a zone that covers countries like Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Niger, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.North Africa, which includes Libya and Algeria, has been a specific area of focus for the FIDH, where Washington, Paris, and NATO clearly have major ambitions.
The FIDH, which is directly implicated in launching the war on Libya, has also received direct funding, in the form of grants, from the National Endowment for Democracy for its programs in Africa. A NED grant of $140, 186 (U.S.) has been the latest amount given to the FIDH for its work in Africa.  The NED was also one of the first signatories, along with the Libyan League for Human Rights (LLHR) and U.N. Watch, demanding international intervention against the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. 
AFRICOM and the Post-9/11 Road Towards Conquering Africa
In 2002, the Pentagon started its first major operations aimed at controlling Africa militarily. This was in the form of the Pan-Sahel Initiative, which was launched by United States European Command (EUCOM) and United States Central Command (CENTCOM). Under the project, the U.S. military would trains troops from Mali, Chad, Mauritania, and Niger. The plans to establish the Pan-Sahel Initiative, however, date back to 2001, when the initiative for Africa was actually launched after the tragic events of September 11, 2001 (9/11). Washington was clearly planning military action in Africa, which already included at least three countries (Libya, Somalia, and Sudan) identified as targets by the Pentagon and the White House according to General Wesley Clark.
Jacques Chirac, the President of France at the time, tried to offer resistance to the U.S. push into Africa by reinvigorating Germany’s role in Africa as a means of supporting France. In 2007, the Franco-African summit even opened its doors to German participation for the first time.  Yet, Angela Merkel had different ideas about the direction and position that the Franco-German partnership should take in regards to Washington.
Since 2001, the momentum towards creating AFRICOM had started. AFRICOM was officially authorized in December 2006 and the decision to create it was announced several short months later in February 2007. It would be in 2007 that AFRICOM would actually be established. This momentum also received Israeli encouragement. The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies (IASPS), for example, was one of the Israeli organizations supporting the creation of AFRICOM.
On the basis of the Pan-Sahel Initiative, the Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Initiative (TSCTI) was launched by the Pentagon in 2005 under the command of CENTCOM.Mali, Chad, Mauritania, and Niger were now joined by Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, Nigeria, and Tunisia in the ring of military cooperation with the Pentagon. The Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Initiative would be transferred to the command of AFRICOM on October 1, 2008, which is when AFRICOM would be activated.
The Sahel and Sahara: The U.S.Clearly Adopts France’s Old Colonial Projects in Africa
“Fighting terrorism” and executing “humanitarian missions” are just façades or smokescreens. While the stated goals of the Pentagon are to fight terrorism in Africa, the real aims of Washington are to restructure Africa and to establish a neo-colonial order.In this regard, Washington has actually adopted the old colonial projects of France in Africa. This includes the old U.S., British, Italian, and French initiative to divide Libya after 1943 and the unilateral French initiative to redraw North Africa.
The map used by Washington for combating terrorism under the Pan-Sahel Initiative says a lot. The range or area of activity for the terrorists,within the borders of Algeria, Libya, Niger, Chad, Mali, and Mauritania according to Washington’s designation, is very similar to the boundaries or borders of a colonial entity that France tried to create in Africa in 1957. Paris had planned to propup this African entity in the western central Saharaas a French department (province) directly tied to France, along with coastal Algeria.
This desired entitywas referred to as the Common Organization of the Saharan Regions (Organisation commune des regions sahariennes, OCRS). It comprised the inner boundaries of the Sahel and Saharan countries of Mali, Niger, Chad, and Algeria. The French goal was to collect and bind all the resource-rich areas into this one central entity for French control and extraction. The resources in this area include oil, gas, and uranium. Yet, the resistance movements in Africa, and specifically the Algerian struggle for independence, dealt Paris a hard blow. France had to give up its quest and finally dissolve the OCRS in 1962, because of Algerian independence and the anti-colonial stance in Africa, which also cut France off from the inland area in the Sahara and created opposition towards France in Africa.
Washington clearly had this energy- and resource-rich area in mind when it drew out the areas of Africa that need to be cleansed of alleged terrorist cells and gangs. The French Institute of Foreign Relations (Institut français des relations internationals, IFRI) has even openly discussed this in March 2011.  It is also in this context that the amalgamation of Franco-German and Anglo-American interests is allowing France to become an integrated part of the U.S. system of global empire with shared interests.
Regime Change in Libya and the NED: A Nexus of Terrorism and Human Rights
Since 2001, the U.S. has falsely presented itself as a champion against terrorism. The Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Initiative (TSCTI), which opened the doors for AFRICOM in Africa, was justified as necessary by Washington to fight organizations like the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in Algeria and the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) in Libya. Yet, Washington is cooperating and using these very same groups in Libya, along with the National Front for the Salvation of Libya and the Muslim Brotherhood, as foot soldiers and proxies in Libya and Africa. Moreover, many of the key Libyan individuals that are members of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) are members of these groups and have also been part of conferences and longstanding plans pushing for regime change in Libya.
One of the key meetings for establishing what would become the current Transitional Council in Libya took place in 1994 when the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) organized a conference with Ashur Shamis and Aly (Ali) Abuzakuuk. The 1994 conference’s title was “Post-Qaddafi Libya: The Prospect and the Promise.” In 2005 another conference with Shamis Ashur would be held in the British capital of London that would build on the idea of regime change in Libya. 
Ashur Shamis is one of the founding members of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, which was founded in 1981. He was also wanted by Interpol and the Libyan police.  Ahsur was also a director in the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and in the Human and Political Development Forum (and the editor of the Akhbar webpage, which was registered under Akhbar Cultural Limited and was essentially a NED project). He has also participated in key conferences, including the one in London held by Chatham House in 2011, which discussed NATO plans for the invasion of Tripoli. 
Like Ashur, Aly Abuzaakouk is also a member of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya and tied to the National Endowment for Democracy. He was one of the key participants and attendees at the roundtable held for the 2011 Democracy Awards by NED.  Like Ashur, he is also wanted by Interpol and serves as a director at the Libyan Human and Political Development Forum. 
There is also Noman Benotman, a former leader and founder of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) and a wanted terrorist. He conveniently left the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group due to the attacks of September 11, 2011 in the United States. Benotman is not only a National Endowment for Democracy (NED) director in the Libyan Human and Political Development Forum, but he is also tied to the news network Al Jazeera.
Not only have these three men lived in Britain without any problems while they were wanted by Interpol and sought because of their ties to terrorism or, in the case of Benotman, drug-related crimes and forgery, but they also received grants from the United States. They received U.S. grants that formalized their NED organizations, which have been integral to the regime change agenda against the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. This regime change agenda was done with the help of MI6 and the CIA. The legal documents that have been filed for their NED organizations have been deliberately and illegally tampered with. One key individual’s identity has been hidden in the list of NED directors. Thus, legal documents have been fraudulently filled out to hide a certain individual’s identity under the alias of “Beata Wozniak.” Even Wozniak’s birthday is invalid, appearing as January 1, 1 (01/01/0001). She is listed as a director and secretary of Akbar, Transparency Libya Limited, and several British companies.
The Gate into Africa has been Opened
The fanning of terrorism in Africa is part of a deliberate strategy used by the U.S. and its allies, including NATO, for opening the door into the African continent by expanding the so-called “Global War on Terror.” This will give purpose to the U.S. objective of expanding its military presence in the African continent and it will also justify the creation of the Pentagon’s AFRICOM, which is meant to manage Africa by creating an African version of NATO as a means for establishing Washington’s control. In this regard, the U.S. and its allies have already put budgets aside to fight the very terrorist organizations that they have cooperated with, encouraged, nurtured, armed, and proliferated across the map of Africa from Somalia, Sudan, Libya, and Mali to Mauritania, Niger, Algeria, and Nigeria.
The terrorists not only fight for Washington on the ground, but they also interact with Washington through so-called human rights organizations that promote democracy. These individuals not only destabilize their countries, but they also actively work for regime change and military intervention. Libya is a clear case of this.
 National Endowment for Democracy, “NED Strengths Democracy Ties with France,” March 16, 2010:
 National Endowment for Democracy, “Africa Regional,” August 2011:
 United Nations Watch et al., “Urgent Appeal to Stop Atrocities in Libya: Sent by 70 NGOs to the US, EU, and UN,” February 21, 2011:
 Ministry of European and Foreign Affairs (France), “XXIVème sommet Afrique-France,” February 2007:
 Etienne de Durand, “Francs-tireurs et Centurions. Les ambiguïtés de l’héritage contre-insurrectionnel français,” Institut français des relations internationals, March 2011:
 The National Conference of the Libyan Opposition, “The National Accord: The National Conference of the Libyan Opposition, London, 26thJune 2005,” 2005.
 Interpol Wanted Notice for Ashour Al-Shamis :
 Foreign and Commonwealth Office (U.K.), “Chatam House event: the future of Libya,” June 2011:
 National Democracy for Democracy, “2011 Democracy Award Biographies,” June 2011:
 Interpol Wanted Notice for Aly Abu Zaakouk:
Israel and Libya: Preparing Africa for the “Clash of Civilizations”
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
October 15, 2011 “Global Research ” Under the Obama Administration the United States has expanded the “long war” into Africa. Barack Hussein Obama, the so-called “Son of Africa” has actually become one of Africa’s worst enemies. Aside from his continued support of dictators in Africa, the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) was unhinged under his watch. The division of Sudan was publicly endorsed by the White House before the referendum, Somalia has been further destabilized, Libya has been viciously attacked by NATO, and U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) is going into full swing.
The war in Libya is just the start of a new cycle of external military adventurism inside Africa. The U.S. now wants more military bases inside Africa. France has also announced that it has the right to militarily intervene anywhere in Africa where there are French citizens and its interests are at risk. NATO is also fortifying its positions in the Red Sea and off the coast of Somalia.
As disarray and turmoil are once again uprooting Africa with external intervention, Israel sits silently in the background. Tel Aviv has actually been deeply involved in the new cycle of turmoil, which is tied to its Yinon Plan to reconfigure its strategic surrounding. This reconfiguration process is based on a well established technique of creating sectarian divisions which eventually will effectively neutralize target states or result in their dissolution.
Many of the problems afflicting the contemporary areas of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Southwest Asia, South Asia, East Asia, Africa, and Latin America are actually the result of the deliberate triggering of regional tensions by external powers. Sectarian division, ethno-linguistic tension, religious differences, and internal violence have been traditionally exploited by the United States, Britain, and France in various parts of the globe. Iraq, Sudan, Rwanda, and Yugoslavia are merely a few recent examples of this strategy of “divide and conquer” being used to bring nations to their knees.
The Upheavals of Central-Eastern Europe and the Project for a “New Middle East”
The Middle East, in some regards, is a striking parallel to the Balkans and Central-Eastern Europe during the years leading up to the First World War. In the wake of the First World War, the borders of the multi-ethnic states in the Balkans and Central-Eastern Europe were redrawn and reconfigured by external powers, in alliance with local opposition forces. Since the First World War until the post-Cold War period the Balkans and Central-Eastern Europe have continued to experience a period of upheaval, violence and conflict that has continuously divided the region.
For years, there have been advocates calling for a “New Middle East” with redrawn boundaries in this region of the world where Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa meet. These advocates mostly sit in the capitals of Washington, London, Paris, and Tel Aviv. They envisage a region shaped around homogenous ethno-religious states. The formation of these states would signify the destruction of the larger existing countries of the region. The transition would be towards the formation of smaller Kuwait-like or Bahrain-like states, which could easily be managed and manipulated by the U.S., Britain, France, Israel, and their allies.
The Manipulation of the First “Arab Spring” during World War I
The plans for reconfiguring the Middle East started several years before the First World War. It was during the First World War, however, that the manifestation of these colonial designs could visibly be seen with the “Great Arab Revolt” against the Ottoman Empire.
Despite the fact that the British, French, and Italians were colonial powers which had prevented the Arabs from enjoying any freedom in countries like Algeria, Libya, Egypt, and Sudan, these colonial powers managed to portray themselves as the friends and allies of Arab liberation.
During the “Great Arab Revolt” the British and the French actually used the Arabs as foot soldiers against the Ottomans to further their own geo-political schemes. The secret Sykes–Picot Agreement between London and Paris is a case in point. France and Britain merely managed to use and manipulate the Arabs by selling them the idea of Arab liberation from the so-called “repression” of the Ottomans.
In reality, the Ottoman Empire was a multi-ethnic empire. It gave local and cultural autonomy to all its peoples, but was manipulated into the direction of becoming a Turkish entity. Even the Armenian Genocide that would ensue in Ottoman Anatolia has to be analyzed in the same context as the contemporary targeting of Christians in Iraq as part of a sectarian scheme unleashed by external actors to divide the Ottoman Empire, Anatolia, and the citizens of the Ottoman Empire.
After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, it was London and Paris which denied freedom to the Arabs, while sowing the seeds of discord amongst the Arab peoples. Local corrupt Arab leaders were also partners in the project and many of them were all too happy to become clients of Britain and France. In the same sense, the “Arab Spring” is being manipulated today. The U.S., Britain, France, and others are now working with the help of corrupt Arab leaders and figures to restructure the Arab World and Africa.
The Yinon Plan
The Yinon Plan, which is a continuation of British stratagem in the Middle East, is an Israeli strategic plan to ensure Israeli superiority. It insists and stipulates that Israel must reconfigure its geo-political environment through the balkanization of the Middle Eastern and Arab states into smaller and weaker states.
Israeli strategists viewed Iraq as their biggest strategic challenge from an Arab state. This is why Iraq was outlined as the centerpiece to the balkanization of the Middle East and the Arab World. In Iraq, on the basis of the concepts of the Yinon Plan, Israeli strategists have called for the division of Iraq into a Kurdish state and two Arab states, one for Shiite Muslims and the other for Sunni Muslims. The first step towards establishing this was a war between Iraq and Iran, which the Yinon Plan discusses.
The Atlantic, in 2008, and the U.S. military’s Armed Forces Journal, in 2006, both published widely circulated maps that closely followed the outline of the Yinon Plan. Aside from a divided Iraq, which the Biden Plan also calls for, the Yinon Plan calls for a divided Lebanon, Egypt, and Syria. The partitioning of Iran, Turkey, Somalia, and Pakistan also all fall into line with these views. The Yinon Plan also calls for dissolution in North Africa and forecasts it as starting from Egypt and then spilling over into Sudan, Libya, and the rest of the region.
Note: The following map was drawn by Holly Lindem for an article by Jeffery Goldberg. It was published in The Atlantic in January/February 2008.
Map Copyright: The Atlantic, 2008.
Note: The following map was prepared by Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Peters.
It was published in the Armed Forces Journal in June 2006, Peters is a retired colonel of the U.S. National War Academy.
Map Copyright Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Peters 2006.
The Eradication of the Christian Communities of the Middle East
It is no coincidence that Egyptian Christians were attacked at the same time as the South Sudan Referendum and before the crisis in Libya. Nor is it a coincidence that Iraqi Christians, one of the world’s oldest Christian communities, have been forced into exile, leaving their ancestral homelands in Iraq. Coinciding with the exodus of Iraqi Christians, which occurred under the watchful eyes of U.S. and British military forces, the neighbourhoods in Baghdad became sectarian as Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims were forced by violence and death squads to form sectarian enclaves. This is all tied to the Yinon Plan and the reconfiguration of the region as part of a broader objective.
In Iran, the Israelis have been trying in vain to get the Iranian Jewish community to leave. Iran’s Jewish population is actually the second largest in the Middle East and arguably the oldest undisturbed Jewish community in the world. Iranian Jews view themselves as Iranians who are tied to Iran as their homeland, just like Muslim and Christian Iranians, and for them the concept that they need to relocate to Israel because they are Jewish is ridiculous.
In Lebanon, Israel has been working to exacerbate sectarian tensions between the various Christian and Muslim factions as well as the Druze. Lebanon is a springboard into Syria and the division of Lebanon into several states is also seen as a means to balkanizing Syria into several smaller sectarian Arab states. The objectives of the Yinon Plan are to divide Lebanon and Syria into several states on the basis of religious and sectarian identities for Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, Christians, and the Druze. There could also be objectives for a Christian exodus in Syria too.
The new head of the Maronite Catholic Syriac Church of Antioch, the largest of the autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches, has expressed his fears about a purging of Arab Christians in the Levant and Middle East. Patriarch Mar Beshara Boutros Al-Rahi and many other Christian leaders in Lebanon and Syria are afraid of a Muslim Brotherhood takeover in Syria. Like Iraq, mysterious groups are now attacking the Christian communities in Syria. The leaders of the Christian Eastern Orthodox Church, including the Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, have also all publicly expressed their grave concerns. Aside from the Christian Arabs, these fears are also shared by the Assyrian and Armenian communities, which are mostly Christian.
Sheikh Al-Rahi was recently in Paris where he met President Nicolas Sarkozy. It is reported that the Maronite Patriarch and Sarkozy had disagreements about Syria, which prompted Sarkozy to say that the Syrian regime will collapse. Patriarch Al-Rahi’s position was that Syria should be left alone and allowed to reform. The Maronite Patriarch also told Sarkozy that Israel needed to be dealt with as a threat if France legitimately wanted Hezbollah to disarm.
Because of his position in France, Al-Rahi was instantly thanked by the Christian and Muslim religious leaders of the Syrian Arab Republic who visited him in Lebanon. Hezbollah and its political allies in Lebanon, which includes most the Christian parliamentarians in the Lebanese Parliament, also lauded the Maronite Patriarch who later went on a tour to South Lebanon.
Sheikh Al-Rahi is now being politically attacked by the Hariri-led March 14 Alliance, because of his stance on Hezbollah and his refusal to support the toppling of the Syrian regime. A conference of Christian figures is actually being planned by Hariri to oppose Patriarch Al-Rahi and the stance of the Maronite Church. Since Al-Rahi announced his position, the Tahrir Party, which is active in both Lebanon and Syria, has also started targeting him with criticism. It has also been reported that high-ranking U.S. officials have also cancelled their meetings with the Maronite Patriarch as a sign of their displeasure about his positions on Hezbollah and Syria.
The Hariri-led March 14 Alliance in Lebanon, which has always been a popular minority (even when it was a parliamentary majority), has been working hand-in-hand with the U.S., Israel, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and the groups using violence and terrorism in Syria. The Muslim Brotherhood and other so-called Salafist groups from Syria have been coordinating and holding secret talks with Hariri and the Christian political parties in the March 14 Alliance. This is why Hariri and his allies have turned on Cardinal Al-Rahi. It was also Hariri and the March 14 Alliance that brought Fatah Al-Islam into Lebanon and have now helped some of its members escape to go and fight in Syria.
A Christian exodus is being planned for the Middle East by Washington, Tel Aviv, and Brussels. It is now being reported that Sheikh Al-Rahi was told in Paris by President Nicolas Sarkozy that the Christian communities of the Levant and Middle East can resettle in the European Union. This is no gracious offer. It is a slap in the face by the same powers that have deliberately created the conditions to eradicate the ancient Christian communities of the Middle East. The aim appears to be the resettling of the Christian communities outside of the region so as to delineate the Arab nations along the lines of being exclusively Muslim nations. This falls into accordance with the Yinon Plan.
Re-Dividing Africa: The Yinon Plan is very Much Alive and at Work…
In the same context as the sectarian divisions in the Middle East, the Israelis have outlined plans to reconfigure Africa. The Yinon Plan seeks to delineate Africa on the basis of three facets:
It seeks to draw dividing lines in Africa between a so-called “Black Africa” and a supposedly “non-Black” North Africa. This is part of a scheme to create a schism in Africa between what are assumed to be “Arabs” and so-called “Blacks.”
An attempt to separate the merging point of an Arab and African identity is underway.
This objective is why the ridiculous identity of an “African South Sudan” and an “Arab North Sudan” have been nurtured and promoted. This is also why black-skinned Libyans have been targeted in a campaign to “colour cleanse” Libya. The Arab identity in North Africa is being de-linked from its African identity. Simultaneously there is an attempt to eradicate the large populations of ”black-skinned Arabs” so that there is a clear delineation between “Black Africa” and a new “non-Black” North Africa, which will be turned into a fighting ground between the remaining “non-Black” Berbers and Arabs.
In the same context, tensions are being fomented between Muslims and Christians in Africa, in such places as Sudan and Nigeria, to further create lines and fracture points. The fuelling of these divisions on the basis of skin-colour, religion, ethnicity, and language is intended to fuel disassociation and disunity in Africa. This is all part of a broader African strategy of cutting North Africa off from the rest of the African continent.
Israel and the African Continent
The Israelis have been quietly involved on the African continent for years. In Western Sahara, which is occupied by Morocco, the Israelis helped build a separation security wall like the one in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. In Sudan, Tel Aviv has armed separatist movements and insurgents. In South Africa, the Israelis supported the Apartheid regime and its occupation of Namibia. In 2009, the Israeli Foreign Ministry outlined that Africa would be the renewed focus of Tel Aviv.
Israel’s two main objectives in Africa are to impose the Yinon Plan, in league with its own interests, and to assist Washington in becoming the hegemon of Africa. In this regard, the Israelis also pushed for the creation of AFRICOM. The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies (IASPS), an Israeli think-tank, is one example.
Washington has outsourced intelligence work in Africa to Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv is effectively involved as one of the parties in a broader war not just “inside” Africa, but “over” Africa. In this war, Tel Aviv is working alongside Washington and the E.U. against China and its allies, which includes Iran.
Tehran is working alongside Beijing in a similar manner as Tel Aviv is with Washington. Iran is helping the Chinese in Africa through Iranian connections and ties. These ties also include Tehran’s ties to private Lebanese and Syrian business interests in Africa. Thus, within the broader rivalry between Washington and Beijing, an Israeli-Iranian rivalry has also unfolded within Africa.  Sudan is Africa’s third largest weapons producer, as a result of Iranian support in weapons manufacturing. Meanwhile, while Iran provides military assistance to Khartoum, which includes several military cooperation agreements, Israel is involved in various actions directed against the Sudanese. 
The Israelis have been quietly involved on the African continent for years. In Western Sahara, which is occupied by Morocco, the Israelis helped build a separation security wall like the one in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. In Sudan, Tel Aviv has armed separatist movements and insurgents. In South Africa, the Israelis supported the Apartheid regime and its occupation of Namibia. In 2009, the Israeli Foreign Ministry outlined that Africa would be the renewed focus of Tel Aviv.
Israel and Libya
Libya had been considered as “a spoiler” which undermined the interests of the former colonial powers in Africa. In this regard, Libya had taken on some hefty pan-African development plans intended to industrialize Africa and transform Africa into an integrated and assertive political entity. These initiatives conflicted with the interests of the external powers competing with one another in Africa, but it was especially unacceptable to Washington and the major E.U. countries. In this regard, Libya had to be crippled and neutralized as an entity supportive of African progress and pan-African unity.
The role of Israel and the Israeli lobby was fundamental in opening the door to NATO’s military intervention in Libya. According to Israeli sources, it was U.N. Watch that actually orchestrated the events in Geneva to remove Libya from the U.N. Human Rights Council and to ask the U.N. Security Council to intervene.  U.N. Watch is formally affiliated with the American Jewish Committee (AJC), which has influence in the formulation of U.S. foreign policy and is part of the Israeli lobby in the United States. The International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH), which helped launch the unverified claims about 6,000 people being slaughtered by Qaddafi, is also tied to the Israeli lobby in France.
Tel Aviv had been in contact simultaneously with both the Transitional Council and the Libyan government in Tripoli. Mossad agents were also in Tripoli, one of which was a former station manager. At about the same time, French members of the Israeli lobby were visiting Benghazi. In a case of irony, the Transitional Council would claim that Colonel Qaddafi was working with Israel, while it made pledges to recognize Israel to president Sarkozy’s special envoy Bernard-Henri Lévy who would then convey the message to Israeli leaders . A similar pattern (to that of Israel’s links to the Transitional Council) had also developed at an earlier stage in South Sudan, which was armed by Israel.
Despite the Transitional Council’s position on Israel, its followers still tried to demonize Qaddafi by claiming he was secretly Jewish. Not only was this untrue, but it was also bigoted. These accusations were intended to be a form of character assassination that equated being a Jew as something negative.
In reality, Israel and NATO are in the same camp. Israel is a de facto member of NATO. Had Qaddafi been conniving with Israel while the Transitional Council was working with NATO, this would mean that both sides were actually being played as fools against one another.
Preparing the Chessboard for the “Clash of Civilizations“
It is at this point that all the pieces have to be put together and the dots have to be connected.
The chessboard is being staged for a “Clash of Civilizations” and all the chess pieces are being put into place.
The Arab World is in the process of being cordoned off and sharp delineation lines are being created. These lines of delineation are replacing the seamless lines of transition between different ethno-linguistic, skin-colour, and religious groups.
Under this scheme, there can no longer be a melding transition between societies and countries. This is why the Christians in the Middle East and North Africa, such as the Copts, are being targeted. This is also why black-skinned Arabs and black-skinned Berbers, as well as other North African population groups which are black-skinned, are facing genocide in North Africa.
What is being staged is the creation of an exclusively “Muslim Middle East” area (excluding Israel) that will be in turmoil over Shiite-Sunni fighting. A similar scenario is being staged for a “non-Black North Africa” area which will be characterized by a confrontation between Arabs and Berber. At the same time, under the “Clash of Civilizations” model, the Middle East and North Africa are slated to simultaneously be in conflict with the so-called “West” and “Black Africa.”
This is why both Nicolas Sarzoky, in France, and David Cameron, in Britain, made back-to-back declarations during the start of the conflict in Libya that multiculturalism is dead in their respective Western European societies. 
Real multiculturalism threatens the legitimacy of the NATO war agenda. It also constitutes an obstacle to the implementation of the “Clash of Civilizations” which constitutes the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. In this regard, Zbigniew Brzezinski, former U.S. National Security Advisor, explains why multiculturalism is a threat to Washington and its allies:
It is at this point that all the pieces have to be put together and the dots have to be connected.
“[A]s America becomes an increasingly multicultural society, it may find it more difficult to fashion a consensus on foreign policy issues [e.g., war with the Arab World, China, Iran, or Russia and the former Soviet Union], except in the circumstances of a truly massive and widely perceived direct external threat. Such a consensus generally existed throughout World War II and even during the Cold War [and exists now because of the 'Global War on Terror'].” 
Brzezinski’s next sentence is the qualifier of why populations would oppose or support wars: “[The consensus] was rooted, however, not only in deeply shared democratic values, which the public sensed were being threatened, but also in a cultural and ethnic affinity for the predominantly European victims of hostile totalitarianisms.” 
Risking being redundant, it has to be mentioned again that it is precisely with the intention of breaking these cultural affinities between the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region and the so-called “Western World” and sub-Saharan Africa that Christians and black-skinned peoples are being targeted.
Ethnocentrism and Ideology: Justifying Today’s “Just Wars”
In the past, the colonial powers of Western Europe would indoctrinate their people. Their objective was to acquire popular support for colonial conquest. This took the form of spreading Christianity and promoting Christian values with the support of armed merchants and colonial armies.
At the same time, racist ideologies were put forth. The people whose lands were colonized were portrayed as “sub-human,” inferior, or soulless. Finally, the “White Man’s burden” of taking on a mission of civilizing the so-called “uncivilized peoples of the world” was used. This cohesive ideological framework was used to portray colonialism as a “just cause.” The latter in turn was used to provide legitimacy to the waging of “just wars” as a means to conquering and “civilizing” foreign lands.
Today, the imperialist designs of the United States, Britain, France, and Germany have not changed. What has changed is the pretext and justification for waging their neo-colonial wars of conquest. During the colonial period, the narratives and justifications for waging war were accepted by public opinion in the colonizing countries, such as Britain and France. Today’s “just wars” and “just causes” are now being conducted under the banners of women’s rights, human rights, humanitarianism, and democracy.
 The Economist, “Israel and Iran in Africa: A search for allies in a hostile world,” February 4, 2011.
 Tova Lazaroff, “70 rights groups call on UN to condemn Tripoli,” Jerusalem Post, February 22, 2011.
 Radio France Internationale, “Libyan rebels will recognise Israel, Bernard-Henri Lévy tells Netanyahu,” June 2, 2011.
 Robert Marquand,”Why Europe is turning away from multiculturalism,” Christian Science Monitor, March 4, 2011.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives (New York: Basic Books October 1997), p.211
ANNEX I: MAP OF DIFFERENT WORLD CIVILIZATIONS REFLECTING SAMUEL HUNTINGTON’S MODEL
* These civilizational divisions and categories are incorrect. There are no clearcutting divisions between many of these so-called and supposedly “distinct civilizations.”
ANNEX II: MODEL OF SAMUEL HUNTINGTON’S “CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS”
Copyright © Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, Global Research, 2011